In response to Washington's plan to deploy missile defence systems in Romania and Bulgaria, the Jurnalul de Chisinaureports that the President of the breakaway territory of Transnistria, Igor Smirnov, has offered to provide locations for mobile batteries of Russia's tactical Iskander missiles between Moldova and Russia. The proposal announced by Smirnov on the occasion of a visit to Moscow echoes an official request to Russian president Dmitri Medvedev by the Ravnopravie (equal rights) movement — which represents the separatist Russian minority — to deploy defence systems in Transnistria. The US defence system, which should be operational in 2015, is designed to protect Eastern Europe from missiles launched in the Middle East. However, it is still perceived as a threat by Moscow.