"Romania is now an EU tax champion," observes Cotidianul in a report that announces "a further increase in taxes on cigarette manufacturers to be imposed from 1st September." The latest rise follows hot on the heels of an increase on 1st April. With "64 euros in taxes on every 1,000 cigarettes, which includes vice tax of ten euros, Romania has hung a tax millstone around smokers' necks." complains the Bucharest dailyManufacturers based in Romania are complaining about the unwanted effects of the measures. Contraband cigarettes from the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine now represent 30% of all cigarettes smoked in Romania, as opposed to 14% last year, because they are six times cheaper," explains Cotidianul. The Philip Morris and British American Tobacco groups are now threatening to close their factories, as they did in Latvia and Hungary."