Gay marriage

The map of countries recognising same-sex marriage and civil partnership

Published on 3 July 2015 at 09:31

By Lorenzo Ferrari.

When it comes to recognising same-sex unions, Europe is divided into three vertical strips. As this Wikipedia map illustrates, the level of recognition decreases the further east one travels.

After last May's referendum in Ireland, all countries in the west and on the Atlantic coast (in dark blue) have introduced marriage for all. In 2001, the Netherlands was the first country in the world to allow gays and lesbians to marry.

Central European countries, starting with Germany, (in light blue) do not recognise same-sex marriage but do allow civil partnerships. By contrast, the constitutions of several eastern European countries (in red) explicitly ban marriages between same-sex couples. Malta recognises unions granted abroad. Countries in red and blue recognise same-sex civil partnerships, but forbid marriage. Countries in grey do not recognise same-sex civil partnerships.

Receive the best of European journalism straight to your inbox every Thursday

Was this article useful? If so we are delighted! It is freely available because we believe that the right to free and independent information is essential for democracy. But this right is not guaranteed forever, and independence comes at a cost. We need your support in order to continue publishing independent, multilingual news for all Europeans. Discover our membership offers and their exclusive benefits and become a member of our community now!

Are you a news organisation, a business, an association or a foundation? Check out our bespoke editorial and translation services.

Support independent European journalism

European democracy needs independent media. Join our community!

On the same topic